Drug rehab involves both detox and treatment, with medication prescribed to manage the withdrawal syndrome and therapies offered to aid the recovery process. Drug rehab facilities are available across the United States, with some clinics specializing in particular substances and therapy programs.
Drug rehab is available for both physical and psychological substance addictions, with some drug rehab centers also treating behavioral addictions such as sex addiction and food addiction. To learn more, contact Drug Treatment Centers Cary when you call (919) 443-3258.
An addiction is a state where people engage in rewarding stimuli despite the existence of negative consequences. In the context of drug and alcohol dependence, this means the compulsive and uncontrolled use of particular substances despite adverse health and social effects.
In order for a substance or behavior to be categorized as addictive, it needs to be both positively reinforcing and intrinsically rewarding. Reinforcing stimuli increase the likelihood that people will seek repeated exposure, with rewarding stimuli perceived as positive by altering the brain’s reward pathways.
Drugs and alcohol meet both of these criteria, with some substances causing physical dependence and others causing psychological dependence.
Physical dependence is defined by tolerance and the existence of a physical withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use. Common examples of physically addictive recreational drugs include heroin, oxycodone, alcohol and benzodiazepines. Other drugs can also cause a physical withdrawal syndrome, with anti-epileptics and antidepressants rarely used recreationally yet still causing physical withdrawal symptoms.
Physical dependence can manifest in a range of ways, with most symptoms caused by physiological adaptions in the central nervous system and brain. Addiction is a result of learned behavioral changes and alterations to brain neuroplasticity, with physical withdrawal symptoms resulting from the absence of particular neuronal connections.
Psychological dependence involves an emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome, with cravings and other psychological symptoms experienced instead of physical symptoms. While the vast majority of physically addictive substances also create psychological dependence, the opposite is not the case.
Marijuana, cocaine and even methamphetamine are examples of psychologically addictive drugs that do not cause associated physical symptoms upon cessation of use. Physical addiction and psychological dependence are very similar in terms of how they affect the human brain, with both conditions involving psychological reinforcement, which is a form of operant conditioning.
The signs and symptoms of drug addiction are highly dependent on the substance in question. For example, depressants produce very different effects to stimulants and hallucinogens produce very different effects to opioids. If you think someone you know is suffering from drug addiction and abuse problems, there are some common signs to watch out for.
Addiction may be recognized by behavioral changes, changes in sleeping patterns, changes in eating patterns, and changes to social relationships. People with a substance dependence problem may also experience mood swings, lack of money, and a loss of interest in their favorite activities.
Drug and alcohol dependence can be effectively treated at specialized drug rehab clinics, with doctors and clinicians able to help patients with every stage of detoxification and treatment. From the early stages of intervention, detox and medication treatment through to the later stages of behavioral therapy and relapse prevention, treatment centers can assist with every aspect of the recovery process.
If you or anyone you know is suffering from the negative effects of drug abuse and dependence, it’s important to seek the services of a dedicated drug treatment center. For help now, call Drug Treatment Centers Cary at (919) 443-3258.