Meth addiction is a common result of long-term use, with detox and drug treatment sometimes required to break the bonds of addiction. Meth addiction causes a number of adverse physical and psychological effects, with tolerance and dependence leading to an emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use.
Drug treatment centers across America deal with meth addiction all the time, with behavioral therapy, counseling and relapse prevention programs designed to help people in their time of need. For more information and immediate support, reach out to Drug Treatment Centers Cary at (919) 443-3258.
Methamphetamine is a CNS stimulant of the phenethylamine and amphetamine classes. Heavy and long-term recreational use often leads to addiction, with an acute and post-acute withdrawal syndrome typically experienced when drug intake is stopped.
Meth is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) under the trade name Desoxyn, a drug that is rarely prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. This drug has also been prescribed off label for narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia, and is available in its levorotary form in some over-the-counter nasal decongestant products.
Despite its legitimate medical uses, meth is largely taken as an illegal street drug for recreational purposes. Normally taken for its euphoric and aphrodisiac qualities, users are likely to experience increased physical energy, enhanced mental focus and increased confidence for a short time period.
There are a number of unpleasant and potentially dangerous side effects associated with stimulant drug use, including loss of appetite, dilated pupils, teeth grinding, diarrhea, blurred vision, numbness, tremors, dry skin, pale appearance, constipation, low blood pressure and irregular heartbeat. Long-term use can lead to a range of physical and psychological problems, with dependence likely alongside a range of anxiety and depression disorders.
Meth has a high potential for abuse and dependence, with tolerance developing with regular use and a time-limited withdrawal syndrome likely for chronic heavy users. While it is not physically addictive in the same way as alcohol or heroin, a severe emotional-motivational withdrawal syndrome is experienced by many users.
Meth withdrawal symptoms can include drug cravings, depression, fatigue, lack of motivation, vivid dreams, changes in body movement, and changes in sleep patterns. Relapse is likely in the early stages of withdrawal, with a specialized rehab center often the best place to go through the detoxification process.
While medication therapy does not normally play a big role in meth detox programs, fluoxetine and imipramine have shown some promise in treating addiction and pain relief medications may be prescribed in some cases.
Drug rehab treatment for meth addiction depends on the individual and their extent of addiction, with detox often used to help people cease consumption and therapy programs initiated to treat the precedents of addiction. Common behavioral therapies used to treat drug dependence include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational family therapy, motivational interviewing, and motivational incentives.
A number of conventional counseling approaches may also be useful in the treatment of meth addiction, with Meth Anonymous (MA) groups available in some locations and group counseling widely available through treatment centers and local support groups. Relapse prevention programs also have an important role to play, with recovering addicts taught emotion regulation and mindfulness techniques to help them manage the long-term recovery process.